MASTER SHEN-LONG | Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 22
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Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 22

Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 22

[Series of Master Shen-Long expounding on the Prajna Paramita (Perfection of Transcendent Wisdom) Heart Sutra]

Our human afflictions come in two kinds: one kind prepares for a rainy day, letting your imagination run wild. The other kind is anxiety and fear, cognitive distortion and fantasizing. So, one day you are in a good mood, and the next day you are in a bad mood. Some people go home after listening to Sutra explaining, in one’s mind with thought that the Sutra explaining was good and one’s shortcomings are getting better; however, after a couple days, all is back to the original state again.

Why? One’s old habits have flared up and temper has turned bad again.

Why? One cannot control one’s own temper, so again it flares up because one cannot see past it and look beyond it.

I think everyone has experienced this.

Why? One makes life difficult with one’s own ideas. If you can see past it then you will be in harmony with all and you will not flare-up anymore because you have seen past it thoroughly and can think clearly. Your words and actions become pleasant, you do not set yourself against others, and do not make life difficult for yourself. This function is like Prajna, but it is not, it is only that you are seeing it thoroughly.

Here talking about using Prajna (wisdom) to cross over to the other shore; that is not the same, and it is just like the description in the [ Sutra text]:

While practicing the profound Prajna Paramita initiates his omniscient penetrative ability with crystal clear perception that the nature of Five Skandhas (the five composition elements of our existence) are absent of inherent existence. So, release oneself from all obstructions caused by suffering and misfortune.

All Suffering includes no phenomena of life and death.

Returning to this Sutra title – the Heart Sutra, first it talks about Heart, which has three implied meanings:

  1. Quintessence: The Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra is the most important part of the Maha-Prajnaparamita Sutra canon, it is the best feature.

If you can understand thoroughly the contextual meaning of this section, your wisdom will develop, it is also equal to taking up the “Vajracchedika Prajna”. “Vajracchedika” means “eternally un-destroyable”, eternally indestructible and immutable. Every one of us has this wisdom.

How come it does not seem like it is there now? It is not that truly none is there; rather it does not launch its function. Therefore, Heart represents the quintessence.

  1. Heart represents wholeheartedly and without scattering.

Why do we speak of wholeheartedly and without scattering and not say it is “three minds and two consciousness”?

Our current mind contains three minds and two consciousness – the 6th consciousness of discrimination, and the 7th (Manas) consciousness of attachment. The “three minds” are the minds of past, present and future. We sit at home every day and we either think about the past, or think about this moment now, or think about the future.

Here it talks about no thinking of the past, present and future; then what does it think? The mind does no thinking.

Why it does no thinking?  It has stillness of mind control and unmoved by any phenomena.

After the stillness of mind control and unmoved, then its omniscient penetrative ability is activated. As described in the Sutra text, it means to have perfect insight of being the master of oneself.      

I believe everyone looks forward being the master of oneself, and furthermore, someone has already tasted it; but for us it is very hard to maintain.

What is it called “being the master of one’s self”? “Being the master of one’s self” is different from “happiness”. “Happiness” is a kind of perception that passes very fast; but “being the master of one’s self” is a kind of delightfulness with clear-head. One regards one’s life on earth has let go and is disillusioned with everything. In this world, one behaves very proactively, but one follows the predestined affinity and not follow karma, one does not follow one’s delusional thought and attachments.  I want to do things the way I want, that means you are following your karmic consequence. To follow the predestined affinity means your purified mind is without seeking any gains.

Just like how we gather to listen the Sutra explaining – it is fulfilled completely by our predestined affinity. It is not necessary when you want to hold an assembly of Sutra explaining, then everyone come and gather here, and you are successful, that is impossible. It requires having a completion of causes and affinity conditions, and it cannot be forced. If you know to follow the natural affinity, your mind will be composed, and you will not be afflicted by the specifications or concepts of society; this is the meaning of the second layer.

The meaning of the third layer: the mind can be in charge. If your mind must be in charge. Of course, the precondition is that your mind is purified, which means it is undefiled and unadulterated.

We all know that the minds of the people of this society are all defiled. It is not truly defiled, but rather their minds are dissatisfied.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

 

我們人的煩惱有二類;一種是未雨綢繆,胡思亂想。一種是耽心害怕,顛倒夢想。就是這樣,一天好是一天坏。有的人聽經聽回家之後,他講不錯,他的病也很好。可是過了兩三天他不行了。

為什麼?他的習氣又發作了,他的脾氣又變壞了。

為什麼?他的脾氣要變壞,他又要再發作。

因為他想不通。我想我們每個人都有這個經驗。

為什麼?他和他自己的念頭過不去。

如果你想通了,那你人就平和下來。你想發作也不會發。

為什麼?你看通想清楚了,你言行方面很愉快,不跟別人對亦也不跟自己過不去。這個作用類似「般若」,但它不是,它那只是看通。

這裡講「般若登度彼岸」,那不同;它就像經文裏面講:

行深般若波羅密多時,照見五蘊皆空,度一切苦厄」。它所有一切苦難,包括生死都沒有。

再看這個經題【心經】,先講「」。「」有三個含義:

第一精華,它是【大般若經】裡面的精華 – 最精要的一段。如果這一段你讀通了,你的智慧就開了。也就等於受持「全剛般若」。「金剛」的意思,就是永遠不會磨滅、永遠不壞、不會動搖的。

我們每個人都有這個智慧,現在為什麼好像沒有?不是真的沒有,而是它不起作用。

所以「,代表精華。第二「」,代表「一心不亂」。

為什麼講「一心不亂」?

為什麼不說「三心二意」?

我們現在「心」叫「三心二意」。「三心」就是過去心、現在心、未來心。我們每天坐在家裡,不是想過去,就是想現在,要不然就是想未來。

它這裡講,不想過去、不想現在、不想未來;那到底想什麼?它不想了。

它為什麼不想?它心定了。

「定」了以後,它起個叫「觀照」的作用。你看經文「觀自在」,它起這個自在的作用。我相信「自在」人人都很嚮往,而且有人都嚐過;但是我們很難保持。

什麼叫「自在」?「自在」和快樂不同;快樂是很快就過去的一種感受。可是「自在」不是,「自在」是永遠保持一種腦筋清晰的喜悅;他對人生看通、看破了。他在這個世間,非常的積極,但是他一切「隨緣」,他不隨業力。不隨妄想、執著,我要怎麼做就怎麼做,那叫隨業力。「隨緣」是你的心清淨、無所求。

就像我們每個禮拜六,來聽一次經;「緣」。不是說你想要辦一個聽經,那大家來,你就成功,不可能的。這個要「緣」俱足,也不是強逼性的。你瞭解「隨緣」,那你的內心就定了,你不會被社會上的規範或觀念所煩惱。這個是第二層的意思。

第三層的意思,是能作主。你的心要能作主,當然先泆的條件,是你的心要「清淨」。「清」沒有污染。「淨」是純。

我們都知道這個社會人心污染,它不是真的污染,而是內心的不平。

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

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