MASTER SHEN-LONG | Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 105
17518
post-template-default,single,single-post,postid-17518,single-format-standard,ajax_fade,page_not_loaded,boxed,vertical_menu_enabled,,qode-theme-ver-10.1,wpb-js-composer js-comp-ver-5.0.1,vc_responsive

Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 105

Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 105

(Last week we ended with, “When you think of Amitabha, I am originally pure without defilement, disillusioned with all, furthermore I have also let go of all. Only the method of chanting Amitabha can help all beings.”)

 

Recently we explained abiding by disciplinary precepts. Who can completely abide by it?

Starting from the Pope of the Vatican to the common people, who can truly abide by precepts?

One who observes precepts genuinely without any violation, is there any? Yes, but it does not exist nowadays, no person of this modern time practices this way, no one can do this.  There existed a few during ancient times. The Master and teacher of the rules of discipline, Dao-Xuan (a celebrated Tang monk), was highly perfected and rigorously observed precepts. To what extent? He did not eat human foods, the celestial maiden delivered the meal to him.

One meal per day delivered by the celestial maiden, this is extremely remarkable. His practice was being transmitted to the Trayastrimsa Heaven (heavens of the thirty-three gods) to provide a meal to him. However, currently there was one disciple of Master Xuan-Zang (玄奘大師) , Master Kui-Ji (窺基大師),who was a very interesting person. He did not quite abide by precepts and instead externally he followed in a careless way. The Master and teacher of the rules of discipline, Dao-Xuan, looked down on him. One day Master Kui-Ji wanted to pay a visit to the Master and teacher of the rules of discipline, Dao-Xuan.

Dao-Xuan said: “On the contrary I will lecture him properly on his visit.”

So, he told the celestial maiden: “Since he will come during noon tomorrow, still come with your routine delivery, I want him to look when a person who observes precepts highly perfected and rigorously can transmit to Heaven to provide a meal.”

The next day, Master Kui-Ji came and they met and chatted. When they finished their chatting and Master Kui-Ji was leaving, the celestial maiden still had not shown. After Master Kui-Ji left, the celestial maiden came.

Master Dao-Xuan said: “How come you are showing up now?”

The celestial maiden said: “No, I was on time to deliver your meal, but the whole sky was full of deities, Buddha, Dragon king and devas – Eight groups.”

Dao-Xuan said: “How could this be?”

The Maiden said: “Master Kui-Ji is a Bodhisattva of Mahayana. He is the Transformation body of a Buddha or Bodhisattva. He is not an ordinary person! I could not enter. The Guardian of the Buddha-truth (Dharmalokapalas) blocked the entrance gate and told me to wait outside.”

By then, the Master and teacher of the rules of discipline, Dao-Xuan, realized that Master Kui-Ji was the transformation of a Buddha or a Bodhisattva.

You should not judge others by their outer behaviors. There are many transformations of Buddha and Bodhisattva in our world. You cannot view them from their external appearance or behaviors. You cannot judge them by using a worldly standard. People have commented that one behaved with “greediness, aversion and ignorance”, also conducted themselves with “killing, stealing and excessive sexual misconduct”, and this or that etc. You cannot use these standards. The Bodhisattva of Mahayana has even let go of their mind, there is nothing that can lay hold of.

How does there exist any break of the precepts?

How does there exist any adhering to precepts?

No, there is none. The precepts of his original own nature are precisely Surangama.

Consequently, the Master and teacher of the rules of discipline, Dao-Xuan, was taught a lesson by Master Kui-Ji as blind-sightedness. This gong-an (case-record) provides us with profound inspiration.

Remember, “precepts” are for self-discipline and you should not put it on others. It is not used to be arrogant or to scold on others; those are mistakes. Further to say nothing of yourself also does not follow the precepts. If yourself has been ordained with the “Three Refuges and Five Precepts” or has been ordained with “the Bodhisattva Precepts”, you will think your status is exceedingly higher than others.  In the ordination ceremony when you make an offering before Buddha, you demand to wear the Buddhist monk gown and add the Assembly robe. Whether you act in accordance with the Buddha teaching is only for you to know by yourself. Furthermore, you may not even be aware of it. Why? One has a swelled-head and considers oneself a Bodhisattva.

We must have a clear understanding to the “precepts”. Therefore, each arising thought in the mind of Mahayana Bodhisattvas are radiant, which is different from us, the common ones.  Currently, we, the common ones, abide by precepts are eager for all surrounding neighbors to know because you want to hear their praising, then you will become exceedingly happy. This is self-intoxication.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

 

( ) 持戒波羅蜜

(上星期講到: 一想到阿彌陀佛,我原來是清淨而沒有汚染的,看破而且是放下的。只有「念佛法門」能夠救一切眾生。)

剛剛我們講守戒,那一個守得到?

上從所謂教皇開始,下到平民百姓,那一個真正守得到?

真正「持戒」持到一滴都不犯的,有沒有?有。不是現代,現代沒有人做這種事了,辦不到了。古代有。道宣律師「持戒」精嚴。精嚴到什麼程度?他不用吃人間的供養,天女送飯給他。

日中一食,天女送飯,這不得了,感得「忉利天」給他送飯。可是當時有位玄奘大師的弟子窺基大師,很好玩,不太守戒,外面就是大而化之。道宣律師很瞧不起他。有一天窺基大師要來拜訪道宣律師。

道宣就說:「我倒要好好的教訓教訓他。」

跟天女講:「他反正中午來,你明天中午還是來,我讓他看一看守戒精嚴,感得天界送供養。」

明天窺基大師來了,聊天聊完了。窺基大師要回去了,天女還沒來。回去以後,天女才來。

道宣律師說:「你怎麼現在才來?」

天女說:「不是!我正要下來送飯,滿天神、佛、龍天八部都到了。」

他說:「怎麼會這樣?」

她說:「因為窺基大師是大乘菩薩,是佛菩薩再來,他不是普通人!我進不去。護法神把我擋在門外,叫我在那邊等,我進不去。」

道宣律師才知道,原來窺基大師是佛菩薩再來。

你不能用外表去看他的。我們世間佛菩薩再來的多的是,你不能用外表去看他,你不能拿世間標準去看他。什麼又是「貪、瞋、痴」,又「殺、盜、淫」,又這個、又那個;不是拿這個標準。「大乘」菩薩,心都放下了,根本「無所得」。

那有什麼犯戒?

那有什麼持戒?

沒有。他自性本來的戒就是《首楞嚴》。

所以道宣倒反而被窺基大師教訓了一頓,無眼。這個公案給我們啟示非常深刻。

「戒律」記住,是戒自己,不是戒別人。不是拿戒來驕傲,來說別人。那搞錯了。何況自己也沒有戒。自己受了「三皈、五戒」,受「菩薩戒」了,不得了。佛前上供的時候,還要「搭縵衣、穿海青」。如不如法,只有他自己知道。還有他自己根本不知道。為什麼?他以為他是菩薩。

「戒」,一定要搞清楚。所以「大乘」菩薩起心、動念都是光明的,這個跟我們凡夫不一樣。我們凡夫今天守個戒,巴不得左鄰右舍都知道,左鄰右舍稱讚,他高興得不得了。「我慢」。

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra