MASTER SHEN-LONG | Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 16
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Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 16

Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 16

(Last week we ended with, “How to study? Practice in our human society and treat our human society as an enlightenment place (Bodhimanda). The enlightenment place is an environment of no discrimination. You treat your daily life as a place for enlightenment and this way of cultivation is called Paramita, which is the way to detach from suffering and obtain happiness.”)

 

My advice to everyone is to study the Heart Sutra again, and genuinely try to understand it.

Today we explain Prajna. Even if we continue to explain the word Prajnafor infinite existence of world-periods, we still cannot completely explain its full content. Today is merely an elementary introduction.

First, I will try my best to explain it as clearly as possible.

Second, I need to mention that the true sphere of Prajnahas four phenomena. Even though they are Buddhism terminology, for everyone to hear them now is to plant wholesome roots in your mind:

  1. Turning the consciousness of Alaya (the 8th consciousness) into the Great Perfect Mirror Wisdom (Adarsajnana).
  2. Turning the consciousness of Manas (the 7th consciousness) into the Wisdom to Regard All Things to be Equal and Universal (Smatajnana).
  3. Turning the subconscious (the 6th consciousness) into the Wisdom of Profound Insight and Observation (Pratyaveksanajnana)
  4. Turning the consciousness of eye, ear, nose, tongue and body (the prior five consciousnesses) into the Wisdom of Perfecting the Accomplishment of Self-Welfare and the Welfare of Others (Krtyanusthanajnana).

This is wisdom. This wisdom is not easy to achieve.

Just a moment ago I mentioned “Alaya (store-house) consciousness”, what is it? In our soul, the defiled thoughts and original pure essence are mixed together.

In accordance with the Chinese saying:

All beings have three immortal souls and seven mortal spirits.

This truly exists but there are various interpretations. The school of Buddhism talks about the “thought and soul”, where the “thought” is defiled and the “soul” is confused. When the confused (soul) and the defiled (thought) blend together it becomes the “unenlightened condition” which is unclear regarding matters.

Unclear to what degree? Not knowing anything at all; unawareness.

This kind of unaware phenomena blends together with the phenomena of our pure essence, turning into the Tathagata store-house consciousness (the immortal potency as a scared nature for becoming Buddha is concealed in every being).

The Tathagata store-house consciousness is the Chinese explanation, as the Alaya consciousness (the 8th consciousness) is a Sanskrit term. Precisely, it is the pure brightness mixed together with defiled phenomena. You need to turn it completely to become no discrimination and no attachment’s phenomena; this is called the “Great Perfect Mirror Wisdom”.

“Perfect” means fulfillment of the whole, “Mirror” together with “Great” means having no limitations and boundaries. When we face this Perfect Mirror it reflects all phenomena without distinction. When we stand before a mirror, it reflects us clearly and will reflect the same as a cat, dog or scenery in full clarity. But, the mirror itself is without any fluctuations, or without mind activations with arising thought, and no “attachment, delusional thought, and discrimination”. Our original essence, the essence wisdom of our life in the universe is exactly like that. This kind of wisdom is the true Prajna (wisdom).

This wisdom starts from being “unbound by any tie, so the mind initiates naturally and uses freely” which has 41 grades in total. Speaking from cultivation practice, there are 52 achievement ranks that include:  ten grades of character attained, ten necessary lines of action, ten dedications (Transferences of Merits), and so on, as stated in Buddhist doctrine.

The question is, what exactly are they cultivating?  Removing afflictions one grade at a time.

Before one has eradicated the unenlightened condition, the cessation of affliction is very difficult.  The Sixth Patriarch has proclaimed:

There is not a single thing originally, where can dust (afflictions) be provoked.

 What is this?He has eradicated one grade of the unenlightened condition, then he confirms one grade of the universal truth.

Basically, afflictions come in many kinds: “afflictions through the immense variety of duties in saving all living beings”, “afflictions of unenlightened conditions that arise from failure philosophically to understand things in their reality”, afflictions of our secular world, and afflictions of the trans-mundane; there are too many. All afflictions are not apart from “attachment”.  Attachment has covered your radiance and your wisdom. After being covered, it becomes dysfunctional.

What is dysfunctional? The function of omniscient penetrative ability does not work.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

 

(一)     無住和四智

(上星期講到:「道」就是沒有分別,「場」是環境。你就把日常生活,當成道場,這樣修行叫作「波羅蜜」,是離苦得樂的方式。)

我建議各位回去,在沒有講以前,希望大家把《心經》好好重新的看一遍,真正的去了解。

今天講「般若」,其實「般若」兩字講無量劫也講不完,從各方面來講,講不完。今天我們應該講稍微淺顯一點,當然在座有老修、也有新的人,

第一,我盡量把它講得比較明白。

第二,我要提一下,真正的「般若」境界有四個現象,雖然是佛家名詞,各位先聽聽,種一種善根,種進去。

(一)轉「阿賴耶」,變「大圓鏡智」。

(二)轉「末那識」,成「平等性智」。

(三)轉潛意識- 獨頭「第六意識」,變成「妙觀察智」。

(四)轉「勝妙五塵」- 前面五識,變成「成所作智」。

這是智慧,這個智慧不容易。

剛剛講「阿賴耶識」是什麼意思?就是汚染的意念跟清淨的本體夾雜在一起,在我們的靈體之中。

你要知道我們一般中國人講「三魂七魄」,有,是真的有,只是說法不同。佛家講「意念、神識」,這「意念」是汚染,「神識」是迷惑。迷惑跟汚染合在一起,變成「無明」- 就是對事情不明白。

不明白到什麼程度?一無所知,不知不覺。

這種不知不覺現象跟我們清淨本體的現象混合在一起,就變成「如來藏識」。

「如來藏識」是中文解釋,剛剛講「阿賴耶識」是梵文的意思,就是清淨的光明跟汚染的現象混合。你要把它整個轉掉,轉成沒有分別、沒有執著的現象,叫作「大圓鏡智」。

「圓」是圓滿,「鏡」是鏡子,上面加個大,「大」就是沒有範圍,沒有邊界。「圓鏡」,就是像個圓的鏡子,無所不照。我們對鏡子照,我們人照得清楚,它照貓、狗也照得清楚,它照風景也清楚,照什麼都清清楚楚;可是鏡子本身沒有波動,沒有起心、動念,沒有執著、妄想、分別。我們原來本體、我們宇宙生命的本體智慧就像這樣。這種智慧才是真正的「般若」。

這智慧從「無住生心」一共有四十一個「無住生心」的階次。從修行上來講有五十二品:十住、十行、十迴向,這些你去算,《教乘法數》裡面都有。

問題是說他們修什麼?就是把煩惱一品一品的去掉。

在沒有破「無明」以前,要斷煩惱很難。

六祖大師,他見到「本來無一物,何處惹塵埃」是什麼?就是破了一品無明,就見到一分宇宙的真相。

基本上,煩惱有「塵沙煩惱」、「無明煩惱」、我們世間煩惱、出世間煩惱,太多了。所有的煩惱離不開一個,就是執著。執著,把你的智慧跟你的光明遮蓋住,這一遮蓋後,不起作用。

什麼不起作用?「照」的作用沒有了。

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra