MASTER SHEN-LONG | Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 17
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Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 17

Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 17

(Last week we ended with, “What is dysfunctional? The function of omniscient penetrative ability does not work.”)

 

The beginning three verses of the Heart Sutra state:

Having perfect insight of being master of one’s self Bodhisattva (like the status of Guan-Yin Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara) while practicing the profound Prajna Paramita initiates his omniscient penetrative ability with crystal clear perception that the nature of the Five Skandhas[1]are absent of inherent existence.

The omniscient penetrative ability is thorough penetration.  For example, currently I explain the Sutra and if I initiate the function of omniscient penetrative ability, then I perceive the thoughts of everyone here. Not only would I know, but if you also initiate your function of omniscient penetrative ability, then you will perceive not only my mind activation with arising thought, but also all others around you as well. Not only this, you would know the active minds with arising thoughts of the germs in the air, formless ghosts, and divine essences too.

This is for everyone to experience.  This kind of wisdom is not ordinary. Once the omniscient penetrative abilitymanifests, meaning that you know how to use it, then you are a “Bodhisattva”. Especially after eradication of the unenlightened condition, you can then be called a Mahasattva (the true self of the Buddha present within all beings). The Dharma (true) Body is the indestructible energy eternally without variation.

Da-Shi-Zi Bodhisattva (Mahasthamaprapta) states, “Buddha Bodhisattva who gives rise to the great aspiration for enlightenment, to improve oneself for benefiting others the Buddha-mind is Mahasattva”. How many levels are there? There are 41 levels. The highest one attains the Supreme Perfect Enlightenment stage as the Anuttara-Samyak-Sambodhi.

If today one recovers the “Great Perfect Mirror Wisdom”, one will treat all sentient beings equally.

Why? One would not judge the force of habits of all living beings; one only sees your inherent pure and undefiled essence.

Therefore, one can turn one’s Manas-consciousness where Manas is attachment, turning the stubborn attachment habits into “Wisdom in regarding all things as equal and universal” where all are equal; this is wisdom. This kind of equality never recedes for endless existence world-periods until you become Buddha.

After becoming a Buddha, all phenomena are equal; you see ants and mosquitoes as Buddha Bodhisattva, and also have infinite radiance—this is inconceivable. This inconceivableness is your innate and original ability, which is currently covered by your affliction.

After recovering your “Wisdom in regarding all things equally and universally”, your body and mind starts a kind of transformation where your discrimination disappears. After removal of discrimination then your “Wisdom of inconceivable insight and observation” is recovered. This “inconceivable” means incomprehensible by the human mind, and it is hard to describe with language and words.

What do we use this “wisdom of inconceivable insight and observation” for? It is to help all living beings of all kinds.

To help a herd of pigs, you must transform to be a pig. You must understand its living habits, thoughts and views. This is the Realm of the Animal. If you go to the Realm of the Hungry Ghost where one has habits of “greed, resentment, and ignorance, you must know how to help them by transforming yourself the same as they are not be affected by it.

Going to the Hell world, I trust some people here have recited the Sutra of the Universal Vows of Ksitigarbha Bodhisattvabefore. The conditions of Hell mentioned in this Sutra are only 1 of 10,000,000. There are too many. “Hell” is a place of spirit tormenting.

Di-Zang Bodhisattva (Ksitigarbha) stays in Hell to help all beings, what does he use to save them? He uses the “wisdom of inconceivable insight and observation”.

Otherwise, there is no way he can stay in Hell, not even a day. The crying sound of hell alone is hard to bear.

Does Hell exist? Yes, it exists.  It is different energy.

In the human world, does Hell exist? Yes, there are eight hot Hells and eight cold Hells. For instance, the eight icy coldest Hells are like that of the North Pole and Antarctica and the eight burning Hells are like that of the desert. But we unable to see them.

Once you become a Buddha, you have recovered “the Great Perfect Mirror of Wisdom”, and you will need to enlighten all living beings equally with all through using the “wisdom to regard all things equally and universally” to become the “wisdom of inconceivable insight and observation”, then all beings can be helped. The so-called helping is not like how the average person states, “We appeal to the Buddha, Buddha will protect us”. This is only one kind. Like the description in the Universal Gateway Chapter of the Lotus Sutraregarding all sentient beings, they all have a kind of phenomenon precisely in total equality. This kind of equality is not easy, is without discrimination between hell or heaven, without discrimination between Buddha or Mara (demon).

From the aspect of the living phenomena, we now talk about different living phenomena between germs and humans, different living phenomena between the human world and the heavenly realms, different living phenomena between the heavenly realms and the Bodhisattva world, and the living phenomena between Bodhisattva and Buddha that is manifold diversity. However, after you recover “the Great Perfect Mirror of Wisdom”, using the “Wisdom in regarding all things equally and universally” and then using the “Wisdom of inconceivable insight and observation” again, equally without exception, then all of you can help.

To help one to what extent? To help one to become Buddha. This is unimaginable!

_______________________

[1]The Five Skandhas are the five composition elements of our existence including, all material phenomena, the feeling towards all material phenomena, the thoughts that start from feeling, the mental formation from thinking continuously, and consciousness.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

 

(一)     無住和四智

(上星期講到:什麼不起作用?「照」的作用沒有了。)

你看「觀自在菩薩,行深般若波羅蜜多時,照見五蘊皆空」。「」沒有了。「」是穿透。「」,舉個例:我現在講經,我雖然在講,可是我如果起「」的作用,各位每個人心裡面動什麼念頭,我都知道。不僅我知道,如果各位聽經的人也起「」的作用,我起心、動念,還有你旁邊的這些人起心、動念,你也知道。不僅這樣,外面空氣中的細菌、無形中的鬼神起心、動念,沒有不知道的。

大家要去體會一下,智慧可不是那普普通通的。一旦有「」的作用能起現行,就是你會用了,你就被稱為「菩薩」。尤其是破無明,就叫「法身大士」。「法身」是沒有變化的「金剛不壞」的磁場。

大勢至菩薩說:發大心、自利利他的佛菩薩、「法身大士」有多少階位?四十一個階位,最高到「妙覺」,就是「阿耨多羅三藐三菩提」,就是「無上正等正覺」。

如果今天恢復了「大圓鏡智」,對一切眾生就平等了。

為什麼?他不是看眾生習氣,他是看你原來清淨沒有汚染的「本體」。

所以他能夠轉「末那識」-「末那」是執著,執著的這種習氣變成「平等性智」,一切平等,這是智慧。這個「平等」無量劫不會退,完全保持到你成佛為止。

成了佛以後,所有一切現象都是平等,你看螞蟻蚊蟲也是佛菩薩,也是光明無量,這叫不可思議!這種「不可思議」是一種你與生俱來,本來就有的能力,只是被你的煩惱覆蓋住了。

「平等性智」恢復以後,你的身心起了一種變化,就是分別沒有了。分別拿掉以後,「妙觀察智」恢復了。這個「觀察」前面放一個「妙」,就是微妙不可思議,用語言文字沒有辦法敍述的。

這種「觀察智慧」拿來做什麼?拿來渡眾生。去渡各式、各樣不同的眾生。

你去渡一群豬,你要變成豬,你要知道牠的生活行為、想法、看法是什麼,這是畜生道。你要到鬼道,他「貪、瞋、痴」,你要懂得怎麼樣幫他,變成要跟他一樣,但不受影響。

到地獄道,大家念過《地藏經》知道,《地藏經》講的地獄只是千萬分中之一,那太多了。「地獄」就是精神折磨。

你看地藏王菩薩到地獄渡眾,他以什麼渡眾?「妙觀察智」。

不然那個地獄怎麼呆,一天都呆不下去。光是聽到地獄的哭聲,就受不了。

地獄有沒有?有,是不同的磁場。

人間有沒有地獄?有,像八寒、八熱那些。譬如說,八寒可能在北極一帶,寒天凍地;八熱地獄可能在沙漠,我們看不見。

既然成了佛,恢復「大圓鏡智」,那就要來渡眾了,渡眾生一律平等。用「平等性智」成「妙觀察智」,什麼眾生都能渡。所謂「渡」就是幫助他,不是像一般人講的,我們求他,他保佑我。這是其中的一種。就像《普門品》當中對於很多苦惱的眾生都有一種現象,就是完全平等的。這個平等不容易,地獄跟天堂沒有分別,佛跟魔沒有分別。

生活現象上,你看我們現在講細菌的生活現象跟人間的生活現象不一樣,人間生活現象跟天界生活現象不一樣,天界生活現象跟菩薩生活現象不一樣,菩薩生活現象跟佛的生活現象千差萬別。可是你恢復「大圓鏡智」,用「平等性智」,再用「妙觀察智」,一律平等,一律可以渡他。

而且幫他到什麼程度?幫他成佛,這個不可思議!

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra