MASTER SHEN-LONG | Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 18
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Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 18

Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 18

(Last week we ended with, “To help one to what extent? To help one to become Buddha. This is unimaginable!”)

 

To help everyone to become Buddha by using what method? Using the “Wisdom in perfecting the accomplishment of self-welfare and the welfare of others”, is precisely perfecting one’s accomplishment.  The accomplishment is the wisdom of benefiting the self and others, that is the “wisdom arising from fundamental wisdom”.

One is “fundamental wisdom” and one is “wisdom that arises from the fundamental wisdom”. The “wisdom that arises from the fundamental wisdom” refers to after when one becomes Buddha and then re-entering the six realms of reincarnation to connect your past affinity with all sentient beings again.

How to reconnect? The past bonded affinity with all living beings is mixed with kindness, evil, good, bad and discrimination; now turn the past bonded affinity of kindness, evil, good, bad and discrimination to be all equal. After you turn it to be all equal is becoming Buddha. After becoming a Buddha, you will see all living beings have Buddha-nature; since there is Buddha-nature then everyone can be enlightened. Since all can be enlightened, then the time to help all living beings is an endless existence of world-periods where there is no difference, it is limitless and boundless existence of world-periods.

The “existence of world-periods (kalpa)” represents a time unit. In fact, in universal space dimensions there exists no time. The universe is in the inherent life radiance of our self-nature fundamental essence; the universe is merely one drop of that radiance. Like the great ocean, the universe is merely a drop of that ocean water. Currently, mankind’s wisdom is only equivalent to 1 of hundreds of millions of that ocean water, but after one becomes Buddha, your wisdom is as mighty as that big ocean.

Therefore, “The Great Perfect Mirror Wisdom, the Wisdom regarding all things equally and universally, the Wisdom of profound insight and observation, the Wisdom of perfecting the accomplishment of self-welfare and the welfare of others”; these four wisdoms are the inherent four functions in our life. In fact, all four wisdoms can be summed up as “the Great Perfect Mirror Wisdom” precisely summarizing Prajna.

The term “Four Wisdoms” is to establish the concepts for people who have already engaged in cultivation practice. Earlier we explained in a general way, now we explain having this concept using Buddhist terminology to explain Prajna. So those who have studied it for a while or new beginners can all understand.

Last, I need to mention that Prajna (wisdom) itself has no phenomena. You should not think that Prajna has phenomenon so as to pick up your eyeglasses and then you can see. No, there is nothing to see.

Where is Prajna?  It functions only after your affliction is extinguished.

The first function, your eyes penetrate the wall seeing up down left right; whatever you want to see, all manifest before your eyes and your original eye function has recovered.

The ear, the language and sounds of all the sentient beings in the universe. There is none that cannot be heard.

The nose, all sweet smells, stinky smells and all smells can be smelt. There is none that cannot be smelled.

The “eyes, ears, nose, tongue, and mind” have fully recovered which is called recovering the function of the six sense-organs. This is a normal person.

A person who has recovered these six functions is normal, being unable to recover these six functions is abnormal.  Our current way of living is abnormal because we do not know anything.  After recovering these six phenomena, you can be free from your affliction to then help all living beings; otherwise it is impossible. Like swimming, if a person falls into water, if you cannot swim how can you save the one who has fallen?

To recover purity, equality and wisdom ability, what is the fastest way? Chanting Amitabha to go and be born to the Bliss World of Amitabha Pure Land.

By leaning on the same cultivation practice life after life without attaining a result; it indicates that we have never become enlightened, we have never attained Prajna, and we have never beheld the brightness of our own self-nature. If we have, then we would not be here.

Today, if you truly want to recover your essence of purity, equality and enlightenment, then you must chant Amitabha with sincerity to go and be born to Amitabha Pure Land.

Therefore, where is the Bliss World of Amitabha Pure Land?  It is an energy field. Do not be mistaken by the description of fairytales. It is precisely when you are unified with the energy of pureness, equality, enlightenment and compassion as one, that you let yourself to become free from worries and afflictions. Only after you have recovered this energy then you can help people with natural affinity. The school of Buddhism says:

Buddha is unable to help a person who does not believe in his teaching as no natural affinity with him.

What is natural affinity? It is the condition. It does not mean Buddha does not want to help them; it is because they will not listen to what you say.

Why would they not listen?  There lacks the condition of natural affinity.

It all relies on the natural affinity; thus, people state that they need to be connected widely with good natural affinity. However, from the standpoint of cultivation practice, you should be connected widely with pure affinity. Goodness, one is still attached to goodness. If without attachment, then it is pure affinity.

I wish everyone can truly make up their mind to chant Amitabha:

  1. Let go of all attachments.
  2. Make an earnest vow to go and be born to the Bliss World of Amitabha Pure Land and recover one’s own pure essence and wisdom.
  3. Return to help mortal life from reincarnations in the suffering sea of this universe again.

After you have recovered your true ability, then helping all living beings is as easy as blowing away dust. Without this ability then you will be dragged into the phenomenon of reincarnation again, which is how we have been trapped in our past lives.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

 

(一)     無住和四智

(上星期講到: 而且幫他到什麼程度?幫他成佛,這個不可思議!)

 

那幫他成佛,用什麼方法?用「成所作智」,就是成就所作。「作」就是自利、利他的智慧,就是「後得智」。

一個是「根本智」,一個是「後得智」。「後得智」,是成佛後重新入到六道輪迴中,把你以前跟眾生所結的緣,重新的結一遍。

怎麼結法?以前跟眾生結的緣,是善惡、好壞、分別;現在結的緣是把善惡、好壞、分別轉成平等。轉成平等,這是成佛。成佛以後,見到一切眾生都有佛性,既然有佛性,每個人都能覺悟。既然能覺悟,那度眾的時間就是無量劫,沒有差別,無量無邊劫。

這「劫」就是時間計算的單位。實際上,在宇宙的空間當中,沒有時間。宇宙在我們自性本體原來生命光明中,宇宙只是那光明中的一滴。就像大海,宇宙只是那一滴海水。現在人類智慧是那個一滴海水的億萬分之一,成佛以後是那個大海水。

所以「大圓鏡智、平等性智、妙觀察智、成所作智」,四智是我們本來生命中四種作用。其實都歸納到「大圓鏡智」,就是歸納到「般若」。

我講這「四智」是給老修有個概念。前面我們講的是一般通說,現在我們講有個概念,以佛家名詞來解釋「般若」;這樣子老修也好,新進的也好,都可以了解。

最後要講個事情,就是「般若」本身沒有現象。你不要以為「般若」有現象,好像眼鏡可以拿起來,可以看到,沒有,看不到的。

般若」在那裡?就是你煩惱沒有了,它就作用。

第一個作用,眼睛,穿透這個牆壁,上下左右,想看什麼,什麼都現前;眼睛的功能恢復了。

耳朵,宇宙中所有一切生靈語言、音聲,沒有聽不到的。

鼻子,所有一切香味、臭味、一切味,沒有聞不到的。

「眼、耳、鼻、舌、身、意」全部恢復,這叫恢復「六根」的作用,這是正常人。

恢復六種作用的人是正常人,沒有恢復是不正常。我們現在的生活不是正常,什麼都不知道。恢復這六種現象以後,你才能夠解脫煩惱,才能夠幫助眾生﹔否則不可能的。就像游泳,人家掉下去了,你連游泳都不會,你怎麼救他。

恢復清淨、平等、光明的能力,怎麼樣才最快?就是念佛往生極樂世界。

因為憑我們這樣修行,生生世世修,都沒有證果;就表示從來沒有開悟,也表示從來沒有得到「般若」,從來沒有見到自己的自性光明。如果有,大家不會坐在這裡。

如果你今天真的想恢復你清淨、平等、覺悟的本體,要誠心念佛往生極樂世界。

所以極樂世界在那裡?它就是個磁場,不是小說上面講的那種,不是的。是磁場,就是你跟清淨、平等、覺悟、慈悲的這個磁場打成一片,讓你沒有擔憂、煩惱。自己恢復這磁場以後,才能幫助跟你有緣的人。

佛家講過:「佛不渡無緣之人」。

「緣」是什麼?條件。不是他不渡,是你跟他講話,他不聽。

為什麼不聽?沒有緣份。

這要緣份,所以講「廣結善緣」。可是站在修行立場,是廣結「淨緣」。善還有執著,執著善﹔如果沒有執著了,這就叫「淨緣」。

希望各位真正發心念佛,

(一)放下執著。

(二)應該要發願往生極樂世界,到那裡去恢復清淨的本體跟光明。

(三)再回來渡眾。

你有能力以後,渡眾生不費吹灰之力﹔沒有能力自己也要進入輪迴的現象,我們過去生都是這樣。

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra