MASTER SHEN-LONG | Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 58
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Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 58

Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 58

(Last week we ended with, “After your mind is fixed and undisturbed, it is easy in four cardinal behaviors—walking, stopping (abiding), sitting and lying down every day. The sense of responsibility and pressure slowly fades. Not only is the pressure gone, but the pressure of responsibility is gone. People become relaxed and after becoming relaxed, you can truly be responsible, and there is no pressure in responsibility.”)

 

Remember this, Buddha teaching is neither escaping from reality nor evading the solution of a problem by walking away from it. Do not be fascinated by television drama series, general worldly ideas, or external appearance of present-day Buddhism; it is not like this. The authentic one who has left home and become a monk or nun, become like everyone, a layman or woman or to renounce the secular life; after leaving the home of affliction, eradicating the unenlightened condition, and seeing the truth about the universe is called one who has left home and become a monk or nun. This is the definition.

Prajna appears other than everyday life. In the course of true practice, it will enhance your own cognitive sphere. Only yourself knows this sphere. After your eradication of the unenlightened condition, you will not be confused forever, at that time it is considered true practice. Bodhisattva of the Functional Teachings School whose highest attainment reaches the “Dry (or unfertilized) Wisdom stage”- the first of the ten stages. Many Bodhisattvas of the Functional Teachings School after attainment to this stage then regress. Why does one backslide?  One is confused again.

All of you were possible Bodhisattvas before the faraway existence of world-periods, only you have not eradicated the unenlightened condition. There are many kinds of Bodhisattvas; once you have eradicated the unenlightened condition, you will never regress from the position attained. The one who arouses the mind of intention to achieve enlightenment and cultivates Bodhisattva practices would not backslide. To cultivate Bodhisattva practices, one must eradicate the unenlightened condition; solely to be ordained with Bodhisattva Precepts (the rules found in the Brahmajala Sutra) that does not work. After ordained with the Bodhisattva Precepts, one has eradicated the unenlightened condition as a true Bodhisattva. It is called a Mahasattva (great beings) with Dharma Body; then one beholds the Dharma Body’s “essence”. After beholding the essence of the Dharma Body, then one has Dharma Body’s “phenomenal characteristics” and “function”; only until then one enters the insight of all as the absence of inherent existence, then it is truly received for use.

Considering the teaching of the Buddhism sect, everyone should go back to study these cultivation steps. If you have a dictionary of Buddhism or Buddha teaching methods such as these tool books of Buddhist studies, you need to examine them. These cultivation steps are important, such as the 10 grades of the Bodhisattva faith, 10 grades of spiritual characteristics attained, 10 grades of lines of action, 10 grades of dedications (merit transference to save all living beings) and 10 stages – realizing intrinsic truth with unmoved mind; such as these all needs to be understood.

Everyone has mistaken Buddha teaching as doing good deeds and being a good person; this is a misconception. The Buddha teaching is the first step to resolve the problem of life and death.  If you can resolve life and death this is the starting of enlightenment. Therefore, within the nature of the absence of inherent existence carries the unrea called the insight of all as unreal.

Unreal is all phenomenal characteristics unified together; as mentioned in the Diamond Sutra:

Every item of the world all is completed by the synergy of numerous natural affinities, or combined form.

A combined form, for example:  like a car or a house; it is an assembly of parts. After we take apart the parts, it is no longer a car or house, just a bunch of parts; after we take apart all the parts, then there is nothing left.

In the insight of all as unreal, you should observe where do the mountains, rivers, earth, cosmos, and planets come from? As I have just mentioned before, it comes from the modes of existence, it is from:

One thought of the unenlightened condition arises three extremely fine conceptions; and the object perceived which serves as the affinity occasion to manifest six common concepts

Even though it appears, we see the materiality. Especially like rocks and stones, when we touch and hold it in our hands, is it not solid and real?  Of course, when you poke yourself with it you will feel pain. However, that is unreal. You break it down, perform analysis, grind it into powder form and finally into dust. Further grinding of the dust, in the end it becomes the sense of space. I want to let everyone know even space is also unreal. Dhyana (Zen) Buddhism emphasizes to shatter the existence of open space (the great doubt). So, the existence of open space also can be shattered, precisely as we talked about space and time is deceitful. Space and time are absolutely unreal. Modern science has already proven this. When increasing speed, space and time will change. Dimensional space from the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th dimensions and higher are changing to curved lines. The school of Buddhism states:  Space and time do not exist.  Buddha has fully attained the levels to the most extreme wisdom, pureness, the true facts of the universe; therefore, he has seen it and will never be deluded by the phenomena of the universe eternally. Undeluded by it, moreover he can control over the universe, surpassing the universe, so much so that he generates a universe. Generating a universe is precisely the insight of all as unreal – the supernatural existence is truly the absence of inherent existence. The supernatural existence is precisely unreal.

Why adding a word of “supernatural” to the existence? It means inconceivable, beyond the description by words.

This kind of inconceivable sphere is what kind? For example: there are candles in front of me, where the candle flame burned the candle on one side. If you apply inconceivable sphere to view this candle, countless beings are reincarnating in this candle. There are infinitely boundless worlds going through the moments of “creation, duration, dissolution and state of being dissolved” in the candle. Just like the Flower Adornment Sutra states:

One can turn the great wheel of Dharma (transmit Buddha teaching) within a pore of hair.

Within this candle, there are Buddha Bodhisattva to help all beings. Although the candlelight will be extinct after this expounding finish, when it becomes extinct means it dies out of the object. Through the stages of “creation, duration, dissolution and state of being dissolved”. This candle is only lit for the duration of this Sutra explaining for about 90 or 105 minutes; its life span is only this short time. When the candle gets relit next time, there will be new beings in there.

I ask you, where are these beings from? They came through metamorphosis and manifestation, through the four forms of birth:

  1. Viviparous, as with mammals,
  2. Oviparous, as with birds,
  3. Moist or water-born, as with worms and fishes,
  4. Metamorphic, as with moths from the chrysalis, or devas, or in the hells, the first beings in a newly evolved world.

In total, there are twelve categories of manifestation described in the Surangama Sutra. After one is deluded, it manifests from the spirituality. Presently, science has not been able to prove this kind of manifestation. Why? The scientific instruments are too rough, furthermore the instruments often have shortcomings. If one of the links does not connect properly, then it becomes defective. But when you are deeply immersed in the profundity of Samadhi (meditative concentration), you can see these delicate and subtle transformations.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

 

(四 )     空、假、中三觀

 

(上星期講到: 定了以後,每一天行住坐臥輕鬆了。所謂責任感、壓力感,慢慢就淡了。不僅壓力沒有了,責任感的壓力也沒有了。人變輕鬆,輕鬆以後,就真正可以負責任,在責任中而無壓力。)

佛法,記住,不是逃避現實,不是一走了之。不要被連續劇、一般世俗的想法、或現代佛教外相迷住了,不是這樣的。真正出家人,各位,在家、出家都是出家人。出了煩惱家以後,破了「無明」以後,看到宇宙真相以後,這叫作「出家人」,定義在這裡。

「般若」在日常生活顯現以外,在實修的過程裡,就會提升自己的境界。這境界自己知道,你只要破無明以後,永遠都不迷了,那時候才算真實修行。「權教」菩薩最高到「乾慧地」。很多「權教」菩薩到了這地位退轉了。為什麼退轉?迷,又迷了。

在座各位可能久遠劫以前都是菩薩,唯有沒有破「無明」。菩薩分很多種,一破了無明就不退了。發菩提心、修菩薩行的人,不退了。修菩薩行,要破無明;光受「菩薩戒」沒有用。受「菩薩戒」破了無明了,真實菩薩,叫「法身大士」,才有「體」。有「體」後,才有「相」跟「用」,才入了「空觀」,那真實受用。

在教相上來講,這個階次各位回去可以看看。如果有【佛學大辭典】也好,【教乘法數】,像這些佛學的工具書要看看。這個階次很重要,十住、十行、十迴向,像這些都要了解一下。

大家都搞錯了,以為佛法就是做善事、做個好人就叫佛法,弄錯了。佛法是這樣,要解決生死第一步。你要能解決生死,生死解決了,是覺悟的開始。所以「空性」中帶假,這叫「假觀」。

「假」是一切相和合,《金剛經》上講「一合相」。「一合相」,剛剛舉例:汽車、房子,是它的零件組合的,合起來。拆掉了,不叫汽車,不叫房子,就零件。零件再拆掉,沒東西。

在「假觀」中,你必須看,山河、大地、宇宙、星球從什麼地方來?剛剛講從「有」中來,從「一念無明生三細,境界為緣長六麤」來。雖出來了,我們看到物質。尤其像石頭,摸摸看,抓在手上是不是實在?是,扎扎自己會痛。那個假的。把它敲碎、分析、磨成粉,最後變成灰。灰再磨,磨了最後變虛空。我告訴各位,虛空也是假的。禪宗講:「粉碎虛空」,虛空也能粉碎;就是我們講空間、時間,騙人的。空間、時間絕對不是真的。現在科學證明,速度加快,空間、時間改變了,空間的微次就變了,四度、五度、六度、七度、八度、一直往上,變曲線了。佛家跟我們講:「空間、時間都不存在。因為佛已經是完全證到宇宙最極智慧、最極清淨、最極真相的那個地步;所以他看到了,永遠不被宇宙現象迷。不被所迷,而且他可以:掌握宇宙,超越宇宙,甚至生出宇宙。生出宇宙,就是「假觀」,妙有真空。「妙有」就是「假」。

為什麼有上面加個「妙」?不可思議,不能用語言文字形容。

這種不可思議境界,是什麼樣的境界?舉個例:我前面放了個蠟燭,這個火、這個蠟燭燒了一邊。你用不可思議境界看,蠟燭裡面無量的眾生在裡面輪迴。無量、無邊的世界在裡面「成住壞滅」,就像《華嚴經》上講「一毛孔中轉大法輪」,這裡面有佛菩薩在渡眾生。雖然等下講完經,蠟燭滅了,滅了就是它壽終正寢。成住壞滅。這蠟燭,不過就是我們講經一個半小時、或者一小時四十五分鐘,它的命就這樣。下次再點,又有眾生在裡面。

我問你,這些眾生怎麼來的?化現的,變現的。胎、卵、溼、化四生,十二類生變現的。迷了以後,精神體變現。現在科學還沒辦法證明。為什麼?科學儀器太粗糙,而且用儀器這個東西出毛病,環節要沒有勾上,出毛病。可是在甚深「禪定」中,入定看得到。

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra