MASTER SHEN-LONG | Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 59
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Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 59

Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 59

(Last week we ended with, “But when you are deeply immersed in the profundity of Samadhi (meditative concentration), you can see these delicate and subtle transformations.”)

 

To be in meditative concentration is not unusual, everybody can do it. What is the true state of imperturbable stillness of mind control? It is the state of Samadhi as in Surangama Samadhi within our cardinal behaviors of walking, standing, sitting, lying, sleeping, drinking tea and eating meals. The state of Samadhi can be truly received for use and you can assume any shape everywhere, where your manifold forms of appearances is everywhere to help all living beings. To assume the shapes of candlelight flames, or germs in the air; that is inconceivable as in the smallest to reveal the biggest, the size of a particle of dust or an ion can hold one hundred million Milky Way systems (the Galaxy) and the entire universe within.

So, therefore I say the true Buddha teaching is this phenomenon. From the insight of all as unreal extends to the insight of all as the absence of inherent existence, you can see in the nature of the absence of the inherent existence contains and stores all things; to reveal all has the nature of the absence of inherent existence in all things. Therefore, “The absence of inherent existence and the mode of existence are non-duality” exist simultaneously. It is not having the absence of inherent existence first and then the mode of existence, or the mode of existence first and then the absence of inherent existence; no, it is at the same time. Non-existent and existent are together, at the same time.

Now looking at this candle it has the “characteristics of unreality as it is composed of elements which disintegrates”, where all beings inside come into existence only to perish. However, a candle does exist as an image, and all beings inside also exist at the same time.

How does the Buddha describe “at the same time”?

The moment where it creates, this moment where it extinct completely. 

The Chinese language and words are truly amazing; even ancient Indian language could not cover the description so precisely. This moment means now, every minute and second. Therefore, every minute and second does not exist, being the case that the present is non-existence, and non-existence is in the same way as existence. Therefore, Western Existentialism was overthrown by it; no matter how advanced the philosophy is, it does not work. Philosophy has a framework, an unsubstantial artificial abstract concept; it is not unreal, it is a meaningless argument. The Buddha teaching is not untrue. Buddha teaching establishes all during enjoyment but brings to perfection in all during refuting phenomenal appearances. Even now one of the attendants is blowing their nose, and during blowing their nose establishes Surangama-Samadhi.

Samadhi is the stillness of mind control; how to establish that? Like one who just blew their nose, “blowing the nose without the attachment of blowing, and without the discrimination of the act of nose blowing”; this is a wonderous function of the Buddha teaching. Therefore, the phenomena of “birth, aging, sickness and death” all become boundless wonderous functions. The worldly education has never talked about it. Does anyone say that one was born and then listened to their parents talk in this way? There are none. Everyone’s past lives experienced all sorts of the situation, but only did they not hear the phenomenon of enlightenment. If you have heard it, you can still do it and it can still be done completely; then today you would not be born in the human world to receive retribution, you would not become a man, woman, young or old. It is impossible.

So, speaking about accomplishment, there are two kinds: To accomplish through the realization of the illusory nature of all existence, and to accomplish by realization the insight of all as unreal. In other terms, accomplishment by the realization of the mode of existence, and accomplishment by realizing non-existence. In addition, there is a kind of accomplishment the transcends “the non-existent and existent are one and undivided”.  Since “the non-existent and existent are one and undivided”, then it is called the Middle Way, it is the insight of the Middle Way which is one of the three insights. The Middle means neither attaches to non-existent, nor attaches to the modes of existent.

Some people have stubborn attachments to non-existence, “everything that has phenomenal existence is all non-existent”. If this is the case, the relation between causes and conditions, effects and retribution following the chain of cause and effect to receive karmic-retribution as the consequence of one’s actions is also none-exists. In other words, one can take the law into one’s own hands. Some would attach to the mode of existence where everything is real; one clings to it desperately and do not let go. Even approaching one’s death, all properties, cars, everything is arranged; if the arrangement does not comply with one’s wishes, one cannot die contently, the soul cannot be separated, one comes back and becomes a ghost. If other people want to take property without one’s approval, then the house becomes haunted; this is the most common example. The soul has attachment, obsessed with the phenomena of life and is obstinate that everything exists.

Remember, this is extremely terrible. This attachment to that which exists must be disillusioned to at the least 50% reduction; only 20% less is not enough. At 50%, when it is the time of your death, you will be a bit freer and easier; but you will be half and half in pain and pleasure, so your time of leaving will be very painful. A wicked person with a lot of evil their departure will be more painful. Why? The attachments are deeper. I have seen it before, at the point of one’s death, the body and mind become ill-at-ease and not only does one get overly suspicious, one sees debt collector ghosts. Why? One has done too many shameful deeds.

One shares with one who will pass what is coming, otherwise they see the livestock or animals that they have killed coming to get their revenge and they are afraid. We mentioned a case-record about a butcher by the name of Zhang Sang-Ho. At the time approaching his death, he saw a pack of cattle in his room, and he instantly thought about how many cattle he had killed in his life as a butcher; he was so scared that he lost strength. At the point of coming to the end of Zhang’s life, there was a monk who happened to pass by Zhang’s home and said: “Do not be frightened, chant Amitabha”. Zhang followed his instructions, chanted ten times and saw Amitabha to come take him. This demonstrates that his good roots were manifested. This clearly shows that:

All phenomena manifests from the mind. 

Because there is such a phenomenon in your mind, like the phenomenon of cattle in your mind, there is a phenomenon of killings. If there is no phenomenon in your mind, your head is completely clean, coming to the end of your life, the moment that you leave will be effortless and pleasant.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

 

(四 )     空、假、中三觀

 

(上星期講到: 可是在甚深「禪定」中,入定看得到。)

入定不希奇,每個人都可以入定。真正「定」是什麼定?行、住、坐、臥、睡覺、喝茶、吃飯當中「大定」 -《首楞嚴大定》:那個「定」那是真實受用。那個「定」就有辦法無處不化身,到處都有他的化身去幫助眾生。這火裡面也「化身」,空氣中的細菌也「化身」,那不可思議,小中現大。一粒微塵中、一粒離子中可以裝下一百億個銀河系,可以裝下整個宇宙,裝得下。

所以我就講,真實佛法是這個現象。從「假觀」中引申「空觀」,你可以看見「空性」之中含藏一切萬有,萬有之中顯現一切都是「空性」。所以說「空有不二」,同時的。不是先空再有,先有再空,不是,同時的。空有在一起,是同時。

現在看這蠟燭,蠟燭是「空相」,裡面眾生是「空」。但是蠟燭有相,是有,裡面眾生也是有,同時。

「同時」,佛用什麼來形容? 當處出生,當處滅盡。

中國語言文字,實在沒有話講。古代的印度文都沒有辦法形容。「當處」:當是當下、現在,分分秒秒 – 現在。所以分分秒秒不存在,既是現在而不存在,不存在就是存在。所以西方存在主義就被它推翻了,再高的哲學都沒有用。因為哲學有架構,虛的,是人為抽象概念;不是真的,是戲論。佛法不是虛的。佛法:受用中建立一切,於破相中又成就一切。像我們現在眾生在濞鼻涕,它濞鼻涕中建立「首楞嚴三昧」。

「三昧」就是定。怎麼建立?「濞而無濞,無濞而濞」,這是佛法的妙用。所以「生老病死」都變成無邊的妙用。世間教育從來沒講過。有沒有人說我出生就聽爸爸、媽媽講過?沒有。每個人過去生,什麼樣的情形都做過,就是沒有聽過覺悟的現象。如果你聽過,還能照著做,還能完全做到,你今天就不會到人間來受報,不會變成男女老少,不可能的。

所以講成就有兩種:「空性」成就,「假觀」成就;「有」成就,「空」成就。還有一種超越「空有不二」之成就。既是「空有不二」,就叫「中道」,就是「空、假、中」那個「中觀」。「中」是不執著空、不執著有。

有人執著「空」,說「萬法皆空」;這「因緣果報」也沒有了,可以胡作非為了。執著「有」,一切都是真的,死命扒著它不放。臨終的時候,財產、汽車一切都安排好;沒有安排好,死不甘心,魂離不開,回來又作鬼。沒有事,人家拿他財產,不行的,要鬧鬼。這是最普通的例子。魂魄執著,執著生活現象,執著一切都是「有」。

記住,這個很可怕。「有」絕對要看破個至少五分,兩分不夠,五分;你臨終的時候走,稍稍微輕鬆。不過還是苦樂參半,走的時候很痛苦。惡人,做惡很多的人,走的時候更痛苦。為什麼?執著更深。以前就看過,臨終了,身心很不安,不是疑神疑鬼,是他看到有鬼來。為什麼?虧心事做太多。

自己講某某人來了。要不然就看到畜生來,被殺的動物來了,來報,他害怕。我們不是公案裡面常講殺牛的張善和。他臨終的時候看到一堆牛,他一想他一生殺多少牛,屠夫嘛,嚇得全身沒有力。正要臨終,有個和尚經過他家門口說:「你不要害怕,念阿彌陀佛。」念了十句,見到阿彌陀佛來,帶他走了。這是「善根」顯現。可見「萬法唯心造」。因為你的心裡有這種現象,你的心裡有牛的現象,有殺的現象,就顯出來了。如果你的心裡沒有現象,腦筋裡乾乾淨淨,臨終的時候,走的時候輕鬆愉快。

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra