02 Sep Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 69
Today we will talk about the Prajna Canon. I have talked about Prajna in the previous four chapters. Prajna is wisdom, and the essence of wisdom is lacking inherent existence nature.
Prajna lacks inherent existence originally, omniscient, eternal in the state of beyond disturbance (nirvana), to be the Realm of Tranquil Light.
This is Buddha’s native scenery. Precisely after everyone becomes Buddha, the most important and uppermost life phenomenon is the Realm of Eternal Peace and Tranquil Light. Eternal means immutable. Tranquil means that there is nothing unknown regarding the phenomena of the universe. Light is the function of wisdom.
Today I need to summarize the previous topics of “Dharma Body, Transformation Body and Reward Body”, “four wisdoms”, “the essence, phenomenal characteristics and function”, and the three insights of “all as the absence of inherent existence, all as unreal, and the middle way”. This can be summed up by means of the four lines of my Gatha:
Is it not wonderful, the Blue sky turns out to be an illusory image!
Shattering the existence of open space (all doubts), who has awakened to the truth;
Perfectly integrated in the ocean of wisdom is truly being the master of one’s self,
No attachments to the reincarnation phenomenon of all beings then the noumenon arises, from which the leading Patriarch (Buddha) manifests.
This Gatha reflects a phenomenon, it is “the teaching of the Buddha, the principle of the Buddha, the practice of Buddha, the reward of being Buddha”. By what means to carry it out? It uses “firm belief, comprehend with wisdom, put into practice and verify into the state of nirvana”.
Let me explain the first line of the four phrases: Is it not wonderful, the blue sky turns out to be an illusory image! This is manifested from “the teaching of the Buddha”. We need to see this from a joint and compiled point of view. “The teaching of the Buddha” from Shakyamuni Buddha, who gave verbal instruction for a generation and explained Sutras at over 300 assemblies and expounded teachings for 49 years across a total of five phases called the five periods covering eight kinds of Doctrine Teachings (the periods are divided in accordance with the various methods used by Shakyamuni to teach the Dharma from the time he attained enlightenment until he entered Nirvana). The Buddhism sect often emphasizes that Shakyamuni Buddha expounded on Prajna for 22 years.
During these 22 years, what did he emphasize as the most important? The nature of Prajna is lacking inherent existence. Since the nature of Prajna is lacking inherent existence, this Gatha: Is it not wonderful, wonderful means beyond description! The blue sky turns out to be an illusory image; the blue sky as the name implies, the only constant from ancient times to the present is the sky.
Raising our head and looking at the sky – the existence of open space, has it ever changed? No, it has not.
But why is later explained it to be an illusory image? The illusory cannot make sense of; it does not have any restrictions of time and space. It is an instant birth, an instant cessation. The image as if the sun blaze, as if a wild horse. The sun blaze, when sun light is powerful, we see the same as a mirage, a phenomenon of energy, in fact, it is depiction without the self-nature essence. Illusory image is without self-nature, without essence.
Since it is without self-nature, without essence, what phenomena is it? It is the nature of lacking inherent existence.
But the nature of lacking inherent existence is solid and existent. The nature of lacking inherent existence unites the real and the unreal, the real and the unreal entirely have not interrupted the interference and stop, it arises and ceases at the same time; precisely we explain:
“All marvelous existence in the universe is manifested from our mind which truly lacks the inherent existence.”
This statement can describe the former two sentences. Is it not wonderful, the Blue sky turns out to be an illusory image; speaking of “all marvelous existence in the universe is manifested from our mind”. Regarding “truly lacks the inherent existence”, precisely is the next sentence: Shattering the existence of open space (all doubt), who has awakened to the truth.
Therefore, Buddha teaching stressed a phenomenon which is verifiable by experience rather than theory or pure logic. Where does the phenomenon of verifiable by experience rather than theory or pure logic come from? It is the six organs of sense “eyes, ears, nose, tongue, body and mind” to produce “sight, sound, smell, taste, touch and ideas”.
It is when the “mind” has no attachments, no erroneous thinking. When the “idea” does not attach to a self and does not attach to all things. No attachment on both attachment of a self and all things, then there is no erroneous thinking and no attachments; this is the nature of lacking inherent existence. Where does this nature of lacking inherent existence appear? Everywhere, through mountains and rivers, the entire Earth, materiality, the ether (sky) and the system of vitality, continuously to the condition of “creation, duration, dissolution and state of being dissolved” and from the phenomena of “birth, aging, sickness and death” all inclusively.
卷(五 ) 慧海圓融
先解釋第一句，「妙哉青天成幻影」, 這是以「教」變現。我們要合匯來看。「教」是世尊一代言教，講經三百餘會，說法四十九年，一共是五個時期 – 五時八教。教下常講，世尊講「般若」二十二年。
所以佛法講求一個現象，就是「實證」。實證的現象在什麼地方出生？在「六根」門頭 – 在「眼、耳、鼻、舌、身、意」，「色、聲、香、味、觸、法」。