MASTER SHEN-LONG | Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 7
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Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 7

Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 7

[Series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra]

(Last week we ended with, “We need to think, worship Buddha, and chant the name of Buddha daily: What kind of phenomena are we worshipping?  What mindfulness are you having?”)

 

The “Buddha” is purified of defiling illusion.

Are you not worshipping the condition of purification?

Worshipping what kind of pure condition?

Are you paying respect to Buddha?

To worship is paying respect, it is not superstition in a religious way. “To worship” is paying respect to our inherent pure fundamental essence.  “Mindfulness or chanting” is constantly entering our undefiled life essence called the “Pure Land”.

“Land” is an environment.

“Pure” is purified of defiling illusion.

Everyone has a Pure Land, it is not just limited to the Bliss World of Amitabha Pure Land. I heard about the Bliss World of Amitabha Pure Land at a young age and I felt it was superstition. When I heard Christianity talk about Heaven I felt that place was like a fantasy story. In fact, that energy field truly exists.  “Land” is the energy environment. For instance, right now everyone lives here, but if you do not have attachments and discriminations in mind, and do not have delusional thoughts it is precisely purified of defiling illusion. This is exactly your own Bliss World of Pure Land.

The Sixth Patriarch self-experienced:

When the mind is not bound by any tie (no attachment), so the mind arises naturally and uses freely.

People who have read the Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarchit states, “When the mind is not bound by any tie”, it refers that the mind has no attachments, and no attachment to any image so as no attachment to all phenomena.

The mind arises naturally and uses freely, as towhat kind of mind? It arises a mind of compassion, equality, and being the master of one’s self. In addition, arising no mind, and a mind of seeking no gain.

Living in this society if we are not seeking any gain, then we are very happy. Nevertheless, “seeking no gain” cannot be misunderstood. “Seeking no gain” does not mean one does nothing and depends on others to take care of you. “Seeking no gain” means you still do what you should do, but without greedy intention in mind.

Everyone needs to think, what is a greedy intention? It means to stay and be strongly attached to.

“Strongly attached to” is holding on and not willing to let go.

“Staying” is exactly stopping over.

We constantly mention attachment, but what is it? It attaches or adheres onto a thought, or this material world, or substantiality phenomena. Someone attaches or adheres to invisible spiritual phenomena.

No, this way cannot be.

We studied Buddhism and chanted Amitabha for some time, we ought to think: do I have attachment while chanting Amitabha? Or in our daily life of “walking, standing, sitting, lying-in every state”; within the 24 hours are there any attachments from activating the mind with arising thoughts?

Of course, there are.

Can you turn it off?

Nobody can help you with this, only you can help yourself.

To help yourself, who is the best model? The Sixth Patriarch, the Great Master Hui-Neng.  The first character “Hui” in his name means wisdom, and the second word “Neng” means ability.

What is wisdom ability? It is to become Buddha.

Buddha is the enlightened one; it is to achieve enlightenment phenomena. Everyone needs to remember this; Buddha is not a deity and is not here for us to request his protection or blessing, there is nothing of the sort. Buddha serves only in appearance to show you.

The monastery is a school, and the monks or nuns are the teachers; the believers go there for education and learning; unfortunately, all of that has completely changed now.

The phenomenon of the Sixth Patriarch at 24 years of age will continuously keep forever. His mind has not moved without greedy thoughts. Under his teaching there were 43 people who became enlightened, and later they all became Patriarchs of Dhyana (Zen) Buddhism School. A “Patriarch” is someone who explored a mountain and opens a Monastery, and is the founder of each Monastery.

From then until now, how many have been enlightened? In our modern era there are a few, only one or two people have become enlightened. It is very difficult.

Why is it difficult? It is because we have delusional thoughts and attachments. Besides our own delusional thoughts and attachments, television, movies and other media also educate you to have delusional thought and attachment. If you die, you would not have a peaceful mind.

Why? If you descend to the hungry ghost world, you wander around here every day with delusional thought and attachment.

If you end up in hell, what is the hell world? It is the place to have delusional thoughts and attachments in severity; it is self-tormenting daily and endless mental self-persecution.

The unclear and muddle-headed or, those of strong mental stupidity or prejudices cultivated from previous lives, will end up in the animal world.

These are the so-called “Three Wretched Realms”. If everyone applies one’s rational minds to view the “Three Wretched Realms” then one has crystal clarity about it. We live in the state of the “Three Wretched Realms” daily. Of course, there are Three Upper Realms: Today one with kind thoughts will go to “Heaven”. One whose mind arises with fighting thoughts goes to the world of “Asuras”. One who initiates thoughts of either good or no-good, discrimination, attachments, will stay in the “Human world”.  These are the six states of existence –the six realms of reincarnation.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

 

(一)     無住和四智

(上星期講到:我們想想,每天拜佛、念佛,是拜什麼樣的現象?你是念什麼樣的現象?)

「佛」是清淨,

你是不是拜清淨?拜什麼清淨?是不是禮敬?

「拜」就是禮敬,不是宗教性的那個迷信,不是的。「拜」是禮敬自己清淨原來的本體。「念」就是常常進入自己清淨沒有汚染的生命本體,這叫「淨土」。「土」就是環境,「淨」就是清淨。

我們每人都有淨土,不是只有西方極樂世界是淨土。小時候聽到「極樂世界」,覺得那個是迷信。聽到基督教講「天堂」,感覺像天方夜譚。其實是真有那個磁場,「土」就是磁場環境。譬如:現在各位生活在這裡,如果心裡沒有分別、執著,沒有妄想,就是清淨,這就是你的極樂世界。

六祖體驗到的是「無住生心」。

各位看《六祖壇經》上講「無住」,就是心沒有執著,不住相,不執著於現象。

「生心」,生什麼心?生大悲心、平等心、自在心。

還有生什麼?生無心,無求之心。

我們在社會上無求了,那就樂了。可是無求不能誤會。無求,不是什麼事都不做,靠人家養,不是這意思。「無求」,是你照樣做你該做的,心裡面沒有貪念。

各位要想一想,貪念是什麼?是住、執。

「執」就是抓著不放,「住」就是停留。

我們常講執著,「著」是什麼?依附在念頭上,依附在這物質世界,依附在有形的現象上,還有人是依附在無形的精神現象。

不行的。

我們學佛、念佛都四、五十年,五、六十年了,想一想我念佛有沒有執著?或是說行住坐臥,二十四小時起心、動念有沒有執著?

當然有。

你是不是可以把它轉掉?

這個沒有人可以幫你,只有自己幫忙。

自己幫忙,誰的榜樣最好?六祖惠能大師。「惠」是智慧,「能」是能力。

智慧的能力是什麼?智慧的能力就是成佛。

「佛」是覺,是成覺悟的現象。各位千萬記住,「佛」不是神明,不是我們迷信中講我求他保佑,沒有這回事的。他是做樣子給你看。寺院是學校,出家人是老師;信徒進去,是去學習,接受教育,可惜現在都變了樣。這我不講,你們也知道,免得人家說我批評。

六祖二十四歲的現象一直保持到永遠,心沒有動過,沒有任何貪念。在他會下開悟的有四十三人,以後都變成禪宗的祖師。所謂「祖師」,就是開山之人,第一代創造的。

那以後傳到現在,你想想看,開悟的人有沒有?現代開悟的人有,大概只有一兩個,難。

為什麼難?因為我們現在有妄想、執著,不僅僅是我們自己內心有妄想、執著;電視、電影、傳播媒體也教你妄想、執著。如果你死了也不會安定。

為什麼?如果落入鬼道,每天在這地方遊來遊去,妄想、執著。

那到了地獄道。「地獄道」是什麼?「地獄道」就是妄想、執著很嚴重的地方,每天折磨你,是無量的精神折磨。

而糊裡糊塗的人,就到「畜生道」。

這就是所謂的「三惡道」。所以各位用理智的心去看「三惡道」,就很清楚。我們每天就活在三惡道。可是也有「三善道」:今天心裡起個善念在「天堂」。起個鬥爭在「修羅道」。起個善惡、分別、執著、好壞在「人間」。這是「六道」。

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra