MASTER SHEN-LONG | Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 9
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Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 9

Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 9

(Last week we ended with, “The description from the discourse of the Sutra asks, “afraid to what extent?” His body was a mix of sweat with blood because he knows the suffering of hell was unbearable, a horrible place of spiritual torture.”)

 

“Hell” does exist, it is precisely right here. We cannot see it because we do not associate with it since we are not the type of persons who suffer from extreme torment. The Bliss World of Amitabha Pure Land is also here, but we are not in that extremely blissful state or have not let go to the same extent, therefore there is no associating.

What does “associate” mean? It means to be connected as one, unified together as one.

Our human world, good and bad are mixed half and half. Today you are happy, tomorrow not; the day after maybe a bit better again. This happens repeatedly. Yet, this is regarded as a normal person; an abnormal one worries daily. From the discourse of Buddha:

People who drink pain and eat suffering who have not ever lived the days free from worry; when they are already rewarded with everything, they start to worry of impermanence again.

So, one has finally made a bit of a break through, afraid of losing it again.

If today we know how to usePrajna(wisdom), how is one to let go all and be disillusioned with everything?

We turn today, turn to the state of Paramitawhich in Sanskrit means crossing the stream and reaching the enlightenment shore.

What does it mean?  From the abyss of worldly suffering and crossing to the pure land of happiness all at once.

Therefore, using wisdom to cross to the enlightenment shore is the central core of abandoning suffering and obtaining happiness from the Buddha teaching. This is the core, it is very important.

For what reason to speak of it as the Heart SutraHeartis the most important feature of everything. It must be exercised throughout every day’s activity. It is impossible to say today I am converted as an eminent monk, that he can teach me; there is no such thing. He is not you and you are not him; you follow his method then direct association will happen in the future.

Remember this: Buddha, Bodhisattva, and a monk is only Buddhism’s terminology, you should not be attached to it. Many people say, “I chanted Guan-Yin Bodhisattva (Avalokitesvara) for quite a while, to demand a new refrigerator there is none.” Seeking to gain, you will attach to her under the impression she is a deity who can give you things. If she is a genuine deity, an upstanding and intelligent being of the spiritual world, then if one who practices cultivation how to have things given to you? Let alone the truly enlightened high-level supernatural beings of the universe like Guan-Yin Bodhisattva (Avalokitesvara), Amitabha Buddha, Wen-Shu Bodhisattva (Manjusuri) and Pu-Xian Bodhisattva (Samantabhadra).

The “high level” means one who is eternally without confusion. Life and death simply cannot do anything to them. They can enter the phenomena of life and death, but life and death are at the end of its resources. They are completely unaffected by the phenomena of “birth, aging, illness or death”. Today, learning to become a Buddha is precisely learning this.

To learn what? Learning to let go, let go of your afflictions.

Most people cannot let go of their afflictions, why?  They are under the impression that the affliction is real.

  1. Agonizing not having enough money.

Every generation has different afflictions, the primary affliction of modern people is not having enough money.

  1. Afraid of being sick.

So, they need insurance such as, health insurance. This is so especially in Western society. In Chinese society there was never this kind of insurance system, like the old Chinese saying: A little dirt never killed anybody, or a couple of germs would not do you any harm.That settles it.

Modern society has transformed into one big family and eventually all systems will be alike.

(1) Afraid not being able to survive

(2) Fear of death

Both are rooted from fear. If you have no fear of these two things, knowing there is no “birth, aging, illness or death”, then would not a person be happy!

If you ask everyone, “Would you die eventually?”  He thinks and properly will.

Are you afraid? I am afraid of losing.

The function of Buddha teaching is to help you:

First, to keep away from inverting the dream.

What is called “inversion”? It is without understanding the true facts of the matters, the true facts of the universe, and the truth about life.

Second, to keep away from fear.

People encounter many matters to have fears, why be afraid? They are afraid of losing:

(1) Afraid of losing their life

(2) Afraid of losing things is strongly attached to the mind.

One is material things, and the other is spiritual things; so, you are afraid.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra 

 

(一)     無住和四智

(上星期講到:經典上講他怕到什麼程度?身上出汗,汗裡面夾著有血;因為看到地獄的苦受不了,這精神折磨。)

「地獄」有,確實有,就在我們這裡。我們看不到,我們跟它不相應,我們不是那種受極度折磨的人,不相應。「極樂世界」也在這裡,我們也沒有快樂到那個程度,也沒有放下到那個程度,所以也不相應。

「相應」就是什麼?跟它連接在一起,「打成一片」。

「相」是互相,「應」是感應。

我們人間好壞參半,今天快樂,明天又不行了,後天又好一點,就是這樣;反反覆覆,這還算正常人;不正常的每天擔憂。人家講「飲苦食毒,未嘗寧息;適小具有,又憂非常」,這是經典上講的;剛剛建立一點不錯的小局面,又怕失去。

如果今天知道怎麼樣用「般若智慧」, 怎麼樣放下、看破?

我們今天就轉,轉成叫「波羅蜜」。「波羅蜜」的意思是梵語,就是登渡彼岸。

什麼意思?從苦海一下子跨越到樂的淨土。

所以用智慧登渡彼岸,這是佛教「離苦得樂」的核心。是核心,記住,各位想一想,重要。

為什麼說它是《心經》?「心」就是精華。一定要在日常生活中鍛鍊。不可能說我今天去皈依一個高僧,他來教我,沒有這種事。他不是你,你不是他,你照著他給你的方法做,就有相應的時候。

記住,佛、菩薩、僧侶全都是名詞。不要去執著它。很多人講:「我念觀音菩薩念了半天,求個冰箱都沒有。」求,你執著他,以為他是神,他可以給你東西。如果真正是神,是正直聰明的靈界的眾生,他自己都在修行,怎麼有東西給你。何況是這些真正覺悟的宇宙的高級靈體,像觀音菩薩、阿彌陀佛,我們常念的文殊菩薩、普賢菩薩。

所謂「高級」的意思,是他永遠不迷。生死對他一點辦法都沒有。他能夠入生死,生死拿他無可奈何。生老病死對他是完全一點作用都沒有。我們今天學佛就學這個。

學什麼?學放下,放下你的煩惱。

有很多人放不下煩惱,為什麼?以為煩惱是真的。

  • 煩惱錢不夠用。我們就講歷代的煩惱不一樣,現代人的煩惱,就是第一錢不夠用。

(二) 怕生病。所以要保險,健康保險; 尤其在西方社會。以前中國人那     有什麼保險制度,不乾不淨吃了沒有病,就算了。

現代社會改變了,全世界一家人,制度將來都一樣。

(一) 怕活不下去。

(二) 怕死。

你記住都是怕。如果不怕這兩樣東西,曉得沒有生老病死,那人不是樂了。

你去問每一個人,你問他:「你會不會死?」他想想應該會。

你怕不怕?我怕失去。

佛法的作用就是幫助你,

第一遠離顛倒夢想。

什麼叫「顛倒」?對事情真相、宇宙真相、生命真相不了解,這叫顛倒。

第二遠離恐怖。

遇到很多事情覺得很恐怖,為什麼恐怖?怕失去:

(一) 怕失去生命。

(二) 怕失去你心裡面最執著的東西。

一個是物質,一個是精神,你怕。

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra