MASTER SHEN-LONG | Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 44
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Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 44

Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 44

[Series of Master Shen-Long expounding on the Prajna Paramita (Perfection of Transcendent Wisdom) Heart Sutra]

[Sutra] Listen Shariputra,all material phenomena are not different from no phenomena; the fundamental essence of no phenomenon is not different from all material phenomena.So, material phenomenon is specifically no phenomenon, and no phenomenon is specifically material phenomenon. The same is true with feeling, thinking, mental formations and consciousness.           

[經文]舍利子。色不異空。空不異色。色即是空。空即是色。受想行識。亦復如是。

Commentary:

The name Shariputra: Shari is a bird’s eye, which represents that his wisdom is top among the ten great disciples of Shakyamuni Buddha. This kind of bird’s eye is not only without near-sightedness (myopia), it sees everything extremely clearly like how we often describe a first-class pilot who is able to see very clearly and does not need to draw support from any instruments.

Why calls his name? Calling him, it is to tell him to pay attention.

In fact, Buddha calls his disciple’s name in the Sutra, which means he is calling us. You must not say that reading Sutra does not relate to us. After reading the Sutra for quite a while, in any case it only talks about his era and his disciples. This is where you make a mistake, if we do not have this sickness, Buddha would certainly not speak out about it.

Therefore, he says here: Therefore, he says here: all material phenomena are not different from no phenomena; the fundamental essence of no phenomenon is not different from all material phenomena. Just a moment ago we talked about material phenomena,isequal to no phenomenon; no phenomenon is equal to material phenomenon.

No phenomenon is nothing there.

Material phenomenon is everything there. 

Why no phenomenonand material phenomenon are the same?

We speak of “life is but a dream”, in the dream you have everything; that is a dream.

Dream, is or is not entirely nothing exist, is or is not a phenomenon?

Speaking from the aspect of phenomena, we say it exists; from the aspect of fundamental essence, we say it is no phenomenon. No phenomenon and the mode of existence concurrently appears and are not separately. Here is another example: “Moral precepts, stillness of mind control and wisdom” exists concurrently. Moral precepts are exactly the stillness of mind control; the stillness of mind control is exactly wisdom; it is an integral whole with three aspects. Just like other people who speak about civic awareness as a citizen with morality, when you have morality only then will it be emphasized you are a citizen, you have morality which are equal meanings. It is not separate. It is not to say: I have morality then I will work on becoming a citizen with civic awareness, or I am a citizen with civic awareness and I need to work on my morality.

Ancient people of China received educational instruction beginning as young as three years old where they were taught to learn by heart and to recite from memory the Three Character Classic (a 13th century reading primer consisting of Confucian tenets in lines of three characters), with lines such as:

People at birth, are naturally good, the natures are similar, the habits make them different (from each other).

People at birth refers to a person at birth is naturally good, one who is very pure.

Natures are similar, means everyone is born like a clean white sheet.

Habits make them different (from each other), refers to one’s environment, one’s personality and one’s habits are what have caused huge differences between each other.

What is this? It is the course of a dream.

All of one’s life is the course of a dream. In your dream, whether you kill people or set fires, or if you are fully obedient to your parents, all are unreal.

If all is unreal, do we still need to do it? Yes, we still need to do it.

Why? It has phenomena.

You cannot say I killed people and set fires and everything is all right, that there is no recourse. No, it does not work that way. It exists with karmic consequences from cause and effect. Karmic consequences from cause and effect are not the absence of inherent existence; it exists with phenomena.

For instance, donating a body organ, can you donate your organ while you are still alive?

When someone cuts you, do you not feel pain? Yes, it hurts.

How can you say this is unreal?

In other words, why would a person who has a purified mind say it is unreal?

There are some who are truly transparent in body and mind, like the Sixth Patriarch Hui-Neng. He left after he received the Buddha teachings from Huang-Mei the Fifth Patriarch then, other people were even chasing to kill him. One monk stabbed him with a piercing blow to his heart, resulting in a transparent body without substance. To us this is a miracle; in fact, it is not a miracle.

The Sixth Patriarch said to the monk: “Do not be afraid, do not be afraid….”

The answer is simple; he had already let go of his body and mind, and thoroughly changed his concept, thus his body was no different from the open space. His body did not exist any variations, he was not solid, and he was transparent. We are not. When thinking about organ donation, just thinking of it we are also scared.

If now another person said that I want a pair of eyes, would you give him your pair of eyes, even without anesthetic?

What kind of person can do it? It is precisely an enlightened person.

They know the truth about the universe, the whole physical body is composed of ions. Therefore, one does not have these feelings, one has already detached from all material phenomena, feeling, thinking, mental formation, and consciousness; no feelings exist

But we do, when we get sick, do we not go to see a doctor?  It is very difficult; very few people can manage this way.

Body aches, tooth aches; these aches are killing you, do you not go to see a doctor? Yes, of course.

Why? It is too painful, and one cannot endure the pain.

One’s concept believes this matter is real.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

 

〔經文〕舍利子色不異空,空不異色,色即是空,空即是色色、受、想、行、識亦復如是。

「舍利子」是舍利佛。「舍利」是一種鳥的眼睛,表示說他的智慧在所有佛的十大弟子裡第一。就像這種鳥的眼睛,不僅沒有近視,甚至於是看的清清楚楚。我們常說一等一的飛行員,他不須要借助任何的儀器,就看的清楚。這形容他的智慧,在佛的十大弟子裡面,他第一。

那為什麼叫他?叫他,就是叫他注意。其實佛在佛經裡叫弟子的名字,就是叫我們。

你不要說,看經,夠了跟我們沒有關連。看了半天,反正是講他那個時代、講他的弟子。你錯了,如果我們沒有這個病,他絕對不會講出來。

所以他就講:「色不異空,空不異色」,剛剛講「」:一切現象叫「」。「」不同之意。「不異」就沒有什麼不同。「」即等於是「」,「」等於是「」。「」是一無所有,「」是一切皆有。

為什麼「」跟「有」是一樣的?

我們講人生如夢,你在夢裡面什麼都有,那是夢。

夢,是不是什麼都不存在?

它是個現象是不是?

現象上我們說它有本體上我們說它是「」,「」跟「有」是同時,不是分開。

我們再舉例:那「戒、定、慧」就是「戒定慧」同時,「戒」就是「定」,「定」就是慧,「慧」就是定,一體三面。就像人家講公民與道德,你有道德才講公民你是公民,你有道德是等義,相同的意義。它不是分開。它不是說我有道德了才做公民。我有公民才做道德它不是這個意思。

古代的人用起蒙教育,三歲小孩教他背《三字經》:「人之初,性本善,性相近,習相遠。」

人之初」,我們講人從開始出生性本善,他很純潔的。

性相近」,每一個人出生差不多,都是一張白紙。

習相遠」,他的環境,他的個性,他的習性,造成大大的不同。

這是什麼?這是夢的過程。

一生就是夢的過程。你夢裡殺人放火也好,你夢裡孝順父母也好,假的。

假的要不要做?要做。

為什麼?它有現象。

你不能說「我殺人放火,沒有事」。不行的,它有因果業報的。因果業報不空,它有現象。

譬如:我們講捐贈器官,活生生的可以捐嗎?

他割你一下,你痛不痛?痛。

你能說它是假的嗎?

可是換句話說,為什麼心清淨的人說它是假的?

有的人真的身心透明的,像六祖惠能當年他從黃梅得法以後,他就走了,人家還追殺他。一個和尚追殺他,一刀刺中他的心臟,結果是空的。這跟我們講是奇蹟,事實上不是奇蹟。六祖就講:「你不要害怕,不要害怕。」這很簡單,他已經身心都放下,徹底的改變觀念。所以他的身跟虛空沒有兩樣。他沒有變化,他不是固體,他是透明的。我們不是。

我們那器官捐贈,想一想也害怕。如果現在人家講我要一雙眼睛,你要不要給他眼睛,連麻藥都沒有?

那什麼人辦的到?就是覺悟的人。他知道宇宙的真相,身體全部都是離子組合的。所以他沒有這些感覺,他離開「色、受、想、行、識」,沒有感覺。

但是我們有,我們生病不看醫生行不行?很難。很少有人辦得到。身上痛,牙痛痛的你要命,要不要去看?還是要去看。

為什麼?他是忍受不了。

他觀念上就認為這回事是真的。

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra