MASTER SHEN-LONG | Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 70
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Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 70

Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 70

[Series of Master Shen-Long expounding on the Prajna Paramita (Perfection of Transcendent Wisdom) Heart Sutra]

(Last week we ended with, “Living in this society you unconsciously have a mind of reciprocation, and a mind of gain and losses which has caused a person’s unbalanced frame of mind. The reason why your mind is unbalanced is because you have the concept of gain and loss, and have hindrance.”)

[Sutra] There is no hindrance in mind, hence one does not panic and fear, keeping cognitive distortion, dream and imagination far beyond.                      

[經文]無罣礙故。無有恐怖。遠離顛倒夢想。

Commentary:

Here it talks about when there exists no mind, then one does not panic and fear, keeping cognitive distortion, dream and imagination far beyond.

When you do not have mind then there is no hindrance, hence one does not panic and fear. Today our worst affliction is panic and fear and no understanding regarding the future.

You ask one, “What is going to happen in the next minute?” One does not know.

One smiles and asks a question in reply, “You ask of me, how would I know.”

I encountered many friends this afternoon, and this is the problem. One had a vacant look, trying to select.

I am telling you, regardless of how you do the selection your mind is not peaceful. When you have a choosing mind, you are restless. The smart person does one’s own selection. However, the muddled-head one does not select and does not know what to do. One insisting to be stubborn, and on top of that stubbornness, if one does not want to change then this is big trouble. This kind of person does not keep cognitive distortion, dream and imagination far beyond, and is also not far away from pain and fear. This kind of person easily convulses with fear when something happens externally and cannot adapt. I have seen many like that, “Oh my, I am done for. So-and-so already died, how can l live on?”

I have seen many kinds of problems like this; in fact, it is none of one’s business. Furthermore, this kind of problem of having no concern of one’s business, even if it happens to you, again it is no concern of yours.

This body of ours is a body of hindrance, just like a cloth that can be thrown away. However, one insists on draping this phony thing on oneself unfortunately. The body’s metabolism and assemblage of cells are unsubstantial and unreal. When your mind has the condition of hindrance, then fear exists. You panic about losing, and one day unexpectedly, it will all suddenly disappear and go missing. After you lose it you will start to fear. Fear is more than being afraid; to be afraid can still be resolved, but to be in fear is very difficult.

Some people are naturally fearful, not peaceful with all, and do not feel safe in mind. not only without any understanding regarding life of the universe, also panicked and fearful regarding one’s trifles.

Let us look at some joking matters: some people scream when then see a mouse, or yell when they see a cockroach. Why?

Did you ever think about the condition of their mind’s attitude, because when they see other things they seem to have no problem?

We can look at the mind attitude of all living beings from a small area of their daily life, and of course those living beings also include yourself.

How was this kind of habit formed?

How has this unhealthy habit formed since the no beginning existence of world-periods?

We explained this last time, that it was the start of the unenlightened condition when activating an unenlightened thought, and suddenly you do not understand this matter. So bluntly speaking, you did not understand this originally. The ancients spoke of no need to add “understand clearly to know”; in other words, there is no need to put a head above a head, further there is no need to draw legs on a snake to ruin the effect by adding an unnecessary layer. Speaking further in-depth, the less you know, the better you will be.

But, people nowadays are contrary to this, the more I know the better I will be.  Therefore, panic and fear exist daily. Suddenly, one has panic and fear about the falling stock market and next, one suddenly has panic and fear about being unable to find a job and next, one suddenly has panic and fear about one’s ego-face and in that case, there is no end to one’s busy doing.

Therefore, one does not panic and fear, but one is keeping cognitive distortion, dream and imagination far beyond. This keeping far beyond means no longer having.

What is cognitive distortion? The living beings of the six realms of reincarnation all have cognitive distortion, where they invert the cause as the effect, and treat the effect as the cause. Maybe this meal you are eating today is of your past relatives. People who enjoy eating meat no need to be nervous, all is the ruling of cause and effect (consequence). Today this meat appears in front of you, it exists due to cause and effect.

  1. Why is it not other meat and it happens to be this meat?
  2. Why do you have predestined affinity with this family?
  3. Why were you born in this place?
  4. Why do we meet with each other today?

It all has its cause. How does this become natural affinity? It is from the seed of cause.

The extent of the complexity of this cause, even Buddha Bodhisattva cannot end the explanation for infinite existence of world-periods. Activation of one thought has already started the “cause”, from this it will bloom and bear “fruit-the effect”, it waits for a contributory condition – affinity, and when it reaches to a certain extent shapes in producing effect with karma. It is the chain of cause and effect to receive karma-result as consequence of one’s action. The “consequence of one’s actions” is phenomena. “Effect” is the result after phenomena. Therefore, everything cannot be separate from the chain of cause and effect; as a man himself sows, so he himself reaps.

If you cannot be separate from “the ruling chain of cause and effect”, you cannot be apart from cognitive distortion, dream and imagination.

Regarding this word imagination: if you do not imagine, there is no dream; if you do not dream, you will not have cognitive distortion where you treat illusion as reality.

There is an ancient gong-an (study case) that is very interesting. One day a monk passed a household holding a wedding party. This monk had a pure mind with supernatural ability of Heaven vision, and he could see the cause and effect of everyone from previous lives. He saw this family, and their cause and effect were very interesting.

The bride of the groom was his past grandmother who had returned to this life. The chicken, duck, fish and meat on the table were all their past relatives and friends. After he saw these phenomena, he was inspired to write down the next Gatha:

This is strange and monstrous phenomena,
the grandson takes wife of the past grandma;
Past chickens and goats are the invited guests,
Past kinfolks and friends cook in the pot

Then he smiled and left.

I once had a friend who had this kind of ability. He sees many phenomena, but he does not dare to speak about it. He also does not know that other people do not know, later he did not dare tell.

Was what he saw real? Yes, it was real.

Talking about cognitive distortion, it is truly cognitive distortion when: What situations where your previous lives, this life of yours turns into that same situation, and you run into that same situation. Even using a needle and thread, it all comes with cause and effect. Today if you walk out and slip, there is no need to blame God or accuse others and say: “Today I have bad luck”. That moment was set, which is why you slipped. Today if you encounter happiness, there is no need to cheer – it is from your seeded cause of the past.

A wise person knows nothing can be lay hold of, and with a mindset of nothing can lay hold of, then one does not make the “cause and effect”; one’s mind will be composed.  Furthermore, this way of being composed is forever, and one will surely not recede from this state.

There is no need for all of you to worry; after we become Buddha will we go back and become a common person again? That is surely impossible.

A common person before is a Buddha, this means you have Buddha-nature, and you have not cultivated to become Buddha yet. After becoming Buddha, your gold mine needs to go through cleansing by a sand and gold refinery. Your gold mine contains the gold mineral, you need to refine and remove its impurities. The impurity is your delusional thought and attachment; I trust all of you understand this principle. Yet strangely, you do not want to do it.

Why? Regarding the facts of reality, you still do not comprehend. If you comprehend it entirely, you will do it and you will unknowingly become non-cognitive distortion and non-fantasizing.

Dream represents your life on earth. Imagination represents your indulgence in flights of fancy, to think of the past, present and future, thinking about going to sleep or thinking I ought to do things this way, and so forth. After you part from these phenomena, then it is nirvana attainment.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

 

〔經文〕無罣礙故。無有恐怖。遠離顛倒夢想

這邊講沒有「心」的時候,就變成「無有恐怖,遠離顛倒夢想」。你沒有「心」的時候,就「無罣礙故,無有恐怖」。我們今天最大的煩惱,就是「恐怖」,對未來不瞭解。

你問他下一分鐘會發生什麼?他不知道。

他笑笑,反問你:你問我,我怎麼會知道?

今天下午碰到很多朋友,他們都是這個問題。他茫然,他選擇。我告訴你,怎麼選,你的心都不安。你有一顆選擇的心,你就不安。

聰明的人選。迷糊的人,不選又不知道怎麼辦;他又要固執,他固執又不要改,麻煩可大。這種叫做沒有「遠離顛倒夢想」,又沒有「遠離恐怖」。恐是驚恐。外面事情一發生,不得了,他不能適應。我看到很多是這樣。

哎呀,完蛋了,某某人已經死,你叫我怎麼活?

我看很多這個問題。其實不關他的事,而且這種不關他的事的問題,就是發生在自己身上也不關自己的事。

我們這個身是罣礙身,就跟衣服一樣是可以丟掉的。他偏偏就要把這虛假的東西披在自己身上。你的身體新陳代謝,細胞組合就叫虛假。

你心裡有「罣礙」這個狀態,你就有「恐怖」,你怕失去,不知那一天意外的突然沒有了,失去了。失去以後就「」。「」比那個怕更進一步。怕還可以解除,怖很難,實在很難。

有的人天生下來就「」,一切都不安,內心沒有安全感。對於宇宙人生不要說瞭解,他對於雞毛蒜皮,他都驚怖、恐怖。

我們看看一些笑話,有的人看到老鼠大叫,看到蟑螂,哎喲,不得了。為什麼?

你有沒有想到他那心態的狀態,他看到別的他沒有問題?

我們可以從日常很多小地方去看眾生的心態,當然眾生包括自己。

那這種習慣怎麼來的?

無始劫來這個習氣怎麼發生的?

這個上次我們也講過,就是「無明」的發生,就是「一念無明」,突然你對這個事情不瞭解。那講穿來,原本你就不瞭解。

古人講:不加「了知」,也就是說不須要去頭上按頭。再講,就是不須要去畫蛇添足。更講深一點,你不知道的事情越少越好。但現在人不是這樣。現在人是我知道的越多越好。相反的,所以他那個「恐怖」每天都有。一下「恐怖」股票跌,一下「恐怖」找不到事,一下「恐怖」面子問題,那忙不完。

所以這個「無有恐怖」,他就「遠離顛倒夢想」。這個「遠離」就是不再有了。

什麼是「顛倒」?我們六道輪迴的眾生都「顛倒」,倒因為果,倒果為因。

可能你今天吃了這餐飯也就是你過去的親戚。這東西妙了,喜歡吃肉的人也不要緊張,這都是因果。今天這塊肉會到你的面前,它有因果的。

第一為什麼不是那塊肉,是這塊肉?

第二為什麼你跟這家人有緣?

為什麼你生在這個地方?

為什麼我們今天會見面?

這有原因的。這個緣,怎麼來的?種「因」。

這個「因」,複雜到什麼程度,佛菩薩無量劫都說不盡的。

動個念頭就造個「因」,造個「因」就開始開花結「果」,等待「緣」。「緣」也就是條件,條件到個程度就開始「報」,「因緣果報」。「報」就是現象。果?現象以後的那個後果。所以離不開「因緣果報」。

你離不開「因緣果報」,你就離不開「顛倒夢想」。

這「」字也很奇怪,你不想它,它就不夢。你不夢,它就不到,不顛。

古代有一則公案,很好玩的。有一天,有一位出家人經過一戶正在辦習事的家門口。這個出家人是心清淨的有天眼通,他看得到前世的因果。他看到這個因果很好玩,這個新郎娶的新娘,原來是他去世的祖母轉世的。桌上的雞鴨魚肉,都是過去世他們的親戚朋友。他看到這個現象有感做了一偈:「古古怪,怪古古;孫子娶祖母,雞羊桌上客,親朋鍋裡煮。」然後莞爾一笑離開。

我記得我以前有位朋友,他有這個能力。他看到很多的現象,但他不敢說出來。他也不知道人家不知道,後來,他不敢講。

那他看到的是不是真的?是真的。

這裡講「顛倒」,真的是「顛倒」。

前生是什麼情形,這一生變成什麼情形,你遇到什麼情形,哎,一針一線都有因果的。

你今天走到外面滑一交,你不要怨天尤人說今天倒霉,那個時間你就是這樣滑一交。你今天遇到快樂,你也不要高興,那是你過去種的「因」。

聰明人他知道「無所得」。「無所得」他就不造因果了,他心就定,而且那個定是一定永定,他絕對不會退轉。

各位不用擔心,成佛以後會不會再變成凡夫?這絕對不可能的事。凡夫以前是佛,這是講你有佛性,你沒有修成佛。修成佛就是你要淘沙煉金。你這金礦有金的成份,你要煉它,把雜質去掉。雜質就是妄想執著,這個道理相信在座大家都懂。奇怪,他不做。

他為什麼不做?他對於事實真相還是不瞭解。如果你瞭解,你不做也會做。你就不知不覺中不顛倒不夢想。

」就表示人生。「」代表胡思亂想,想過去、想現在、想未來。我想睡覺,或者我想應該怎麼樣。你離開沒有這些現象以後,就是: 究竟涅槃。

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra